Now that you have a set of strategies and, hopefully, an interactive software program, or “English Talk Shop”, you can attain better English clarity. Here are some English accent targets.
In the following segments, we will address the primary consonants, vowels and other pronunciation code systems that differ from the North American English [NAE] “Accent”.
Sound Components You Need to Know:
All English consonants and vowels have behavioral components that make up how each sound is made in a very rapid tiny muscle movement sequences.
Consonants have three components. Place: Manner and Voicing
Place: Where is the sound made in the mouth? For Consonants, there are seven (7) possible places.
Manner: How is it made?
- [a] With Friction (Fricative):
- [b] With friction + stopped. (Affricate):
- [c] With a plosive feature? (Plosive);
- [d] As a gliding sound / (Glide):
- [e] Or as a liquid free flowing sound? (Liquid)
Voicing: Ask yourself – For each consonant in English – Is the larynx (voice box) turned on when the sound is said or is it off ?
Vowels of English are made using the voice moving across different select tense or relaxed movements of the tongue and openness of the mouth and jaw. Other English vowels are blended combination of two single vowels – called diphthongs.
Differences: With Consonants, we often see that most substitutions are because of voicing and / or place.
Vowel differences between languages are usually in response to:
- Not having the sound within the that individuals mother 1st language sound system or
- Difficulty forming the sound around consonants that are not usual sound combinations within the first language.
Yet with differing versions/dialects of many languages, it can be all components that are involved in the substitutions or omissions.
When tired or stressed, muscle groups tend to revert to old learned sequenced sound patterns of movements of the first language. Even though the vocabulary may be English.
LANGUAGE SOUND SYSTEM DIFFERENCES:
Mandarin: Mainland Standard: Although Mandarin has approximately four “dialects” / versions, it is mutually understood across most of China.
The NAE / English sounds that differ:
NOTE- Spellings are often different.
Phonemes in NAE – English that are not found in Mandarin include the following vowels and consonants:
* /ae/ sound as in “ back” – Common substitution may be an /ah/
* /ai:/ diphthong – long “I” sound as in “lime” — Common substitution may be an /ah/
* /ei:/ diphthong – long “A” sound as in “ grey;” — Common substitution may be an /eh/
* /i:/ long “E” sound as in “green” — Common substitution may be an /ih/
* /eh/ sound as in “Red” — Common substitution may be an /ih/
* /ow/ diphthong – sound as in “Yellow” — Common substitution may be an /ah/
* /oo/ sound as in “Wood” — Common substitution may be an /uh/
* /ow/ diphthong – sound as in “Brown” — Common substitution may be an /uh/
* /u:/ long “U” sound as in “ “Blue” — Common substitution may be an /ah/
Consonants: There be either final consonant deletions or these substitutions;
* /v/ sound as in “various; river, love” — Common substitution may be an /f/ or /w/
* /z/ sound as in “ zoo; easy; knees” – Common substitution may be an /s/
* /sh/ sound as in “sheet; social; quiche” — Common substitution may be an /s/
* /zh/ sound as in “ vision; beige” — Common substitution may be an /s/ or /z/
* /ch/ sound as in “ chair; nature; watch” — Common substitutions may be an /ts/:
- (/ts/ & /dz/ are common sounds in Mandarin)
* /J/ sound as in “jeans; logic; package” — Common substitution may be an /dz/
* /th/ voiceless – sound as in “ thick; healthy; with” — Common substitution may be a /s/ or /f/
* /th/ voiced – sound as in “these; either, smooth” — Common substitution may be a /d/ or /z/
Listen to each word on a pronunciation website such as www.dictionary.com. You can see the spelling, the simplified pronunciation, the IPA spelling as well as Hear the pronunciation of the sound in the word. Record your effort – Have Mentor listen – Then record correctly 9 out of 10 times.
It takes practice to override old learning.
Resolve to do what it takes. Practice and desire make magic happen.